Our report, Farming of the Future, shows how we can increase harvests by 50 percent by 2050, while at the same time reducing the climate impact of cultivation, in line with the Paris Agreement.
Farming of the Future: Crop Cultivation
Our findings show that there are great opportunities to increase crop yields while at the same time reducing impact on the climate and environment, as well as promoting biodiversity. In our report, we have chosen to focus on crop farming and have specifically used winter wheat as our model crop to be able to quantify future potential of increased yields and reduce climate impact. However, our results can also be applied to other crops in Swedish crop farming, and we will continue to build on this work in order to include other parts of Swedish agriculture.
Farming of the Future: Beef & Dairy
Our report “Farming of the Future: Beef & Dairy” shows the way forward for Swedish dairy and beef production, where cattle will continue to play an important role in sustainable food systems in the future.
There is great potential for reducing climate impact in line with the Paris Agreement and reaching climate neutral farming by 2050, and at the same time promoting biodiversity and increasing productivity with high animal welfare standards.
The conclusions in the report are based on Swedish agricultural conditions; however, the same challenges and opportunities can be seen in the other Nordic countries. The model used to analyze the various measures could also be used to examine sustainable farming techniques in different agricultural conditions around the world.
Potential for yield increase 2015-2050
Figure 1. Potential for yield increase 2015-2050, calculated per hectare winter wheat
Potential for reduced climate impact by 2050
Figure 2. Potential for reduced climate impact from cultivation, calculated per ton winter wheat, and gap towards the Paris Agreement.
Actions for reduced climate impact until 2050
Figure 3. The actions contribute to a reduced climate impact of 69% until 2050. To close the gap towards the Paris Agreement – calculated to 23% - innovation within all areas is needed as well as handling of nitrogen leakage from soil.
How we can achieve climate-neutral farming
A whole series of initiatives, from all parts of the value chain, will be required if agriculture is to become more productive and even more sustainable. Lantmännen has identified eleven focus areas as crucial going forward - areas that we already work on today.
By adapting cultivation systems, we can increase harvests, reduce the need for chemical pesticides and soil preparation and in doing so, reduce the impact of these on our climate and the environment.
Carbon sequestration and renewable energy
Carbon sequestration via farmland and using arable land resources for sustainable fuels can reduce climate impact.
Reduced nitrogen losses
Reduced nitrogen losses is beneficial to both farmers and the environment.
Agriculture can meet the challenges of future climate changes with new crops, water management and adapted plant breeding and plant protection.